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TOWSON, MD (September 14, 2017) – Up to one million vehicles were submerged and spoiled by Hurricane Harvey’s catastrophic floodwaters. It is twice the number of vehicles despoiled by Hurricane Katrina and destroyed by Superstorm Sandy combined. Just as many, or possibly even more vehicles, may be ruined following the storm surge of Hurricane Irma, once damage assessments are completed.
Whenever a major hurricane triggers flooding, tens of thousands of vehicles, which have been totaled by auto insurers, are slipped out of the impacted area. In so many instances, flood-damaged vehicles end up on the used car market. Yet the buyer is unaware the vehicle has a “salvage title,” or the title has been “washed.”
Many of those vehicles damaged by the back-to-back storms may soon end up for sale in other parts of the country, all the way up to Maryland, AAA Mid-Atlantic and the National Insurance Crime Bureau (NICB) advise. That is, once the deluged autos have been meticulously dried out, scoured, scrubbed, and sold in other states by unscrupulous sellers and fly-by-night operators after the title is scrubbed. AAA is warning potential buyers to “always physically inspect the vehicle’s paper title before you buy.”
“Use your five senses to detect telltale signs the vehicle has been flooded. Then use your sixth sense,” said Chris Storms, Regional Director of AAA Mid-Atlantic Car Care Centers. “Look for a waterline under the hood, undercarriage and bumpers; for mud and debris inside the cabin and trunk; for signs of rust, and for fogging inside the headlights and taillights. Use the sense of smell to detect the scent of disinfectants or cleansing agents used to cloak musty smells or mold or mildew. Touch the carpet or floor mats for residual traces of wetness or for signs the carpets, seats and interior were recently shampooed.”
“Listen to the engine to check if it runs smoothly, or runs rough, or makes abnormal noises as it runs. Also listen to the sound system, to check if the electronics are working properly, because some mechanical and electronic components don’t survive flooding,” Storms added.
Flooded cars are not always totaled and 50 percent are eventually resold. AAA Mid-Atlantic advises buyers to use common sense and always purchase a vehicle history report or obtain a free VIN report for any vehicle suspected of having a watery past.
Before buying, check to see if the vehicle was flooded, using VINCheck at www.nicb.org. The trouble is most unsuspecting car buyers don’t know the “difference between a ‘salvage title’ and a ‘flood title,’” warns the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). It can make all the difference in the world.
The FTC describes the difference this way:
A ‘salvage title’ means the car was declared a total loss by an insurance company because of a serious accident or some other problems.
A ‘flood title’ means the car has damage from sitting in water deep enough to fill the engine compartment.
Keep in mind, the title status is part of a vehicle history report.
“Let the buyer beware” is the age-old watchword for consumers to abide by when they find deals too good to be true on used or new vehicles for months to come. Consumers should also be wary of websites that allow car buyers to bid on salvage flood damage vehicles. Here is a word to the wise: Carfax estimates 275,000 “flooded cars were back in use across the USA” last year. The title is often “laundered” across state lines. Chances are you probably won’t know a car is flood-damaged until you have it checked by a mechanic you can trust, warns AAA Mid-Atlantic Automotive. That is the first thing you should do.
“The car’s electrical system is particularly vulnerable to flood water damage,” commented Storms. “Engine computers, sensors and other electrical devices can sometimes be salvaged but unless they are thoroughly cleaned and dried, problems caused by corrosion and oxidation may occur months after the flood.”
In a six day period, it is estimated Harvey dumped “27 to 33 trillion gallons of rainfall” over Texas and Louisiana, and other states. Wreaking havoc, Harvey reportedly damaged between 300,000 to 500,000 individually owned vehicles in the Houston area, which has one of the highest rates of vehicle ownership in the nation, estimates suggest. It remains to be seen how many vehicles will be destroyed by Irma.
Thousands of vehicles damaged by Harvey are being totaled by insurance companies and will end up at the scrap yard. Untold numbers of flood-damaged vehicles will turn up on the auction block. When Harvey hit, nearly a third of car owners in the Houston area did not have comprehensive auto insurance, notes Consumer Reports. Those who didn’t, have little hope of recovering the loss of their flood-ravaged vehicles.
To avoid the potential of purchasing a flood-damaged vehicle, AAA Mid-Atlantic offers the following tips when shopping for a used car:
Obtain a CARFAX Vehicle History Report – This report can potentially reveal if the vehicle has been involved in a flood, major crash, fire, or uncover odometer fraud.
Conduct a title search of the vehicle. Check the VIN number at VINCheck.
Check the vehicle’s VIN with appropriate government agencies or your state bureau of motor vehicles.
Analyze the ownership pattern for any new or late model vehicle with no lien holder.
Be careful about purchasing a used vehicle from an individual running a newspaper ad and using a cell phone number. Check for title or registration histories indicating the car was in a flood area.
Look for information from a vehicle’s current title, including the vehicle's brand history. “Brands” are descriptive labels regarding the status of a motor vehicle, such as “junk,” “salvage,” and “flood” vehicles.
Look for any reports of the vehicle being transferred or sold to an auto recycler, junk yard, or salvage yard. Select a reputable car dealer when buying a used vehicle in the aftermath of disasters.
Look for the latest reported odometer readings to detect tampering or fraud.
If possible, have your insurer check if the vehicle was previously insured in a flooded area.
Trust your instincts. If you don’t like the answers or the deal sounds too good to be true, walk away!
In the wake of Harvey, hundreds of thousands more vehicles were reportedly ruined on car dealership lots in the region, according to the Black Book. In contrast, Hurricane Katrina, which occurred 12 years ago, is thought to have destroyed 200,000 vehicles. After Super Storm Sandy, it was estimated 250,000 vehicles were flooded and subsequently scrapped. Will Irma wreak havoc on this scale? Always have the vehicle inspected by a quality repair facility prior to purchasing, such as the AAA Car Care Centers throughout the Maryland or at AAA Approved Auto Repair facilities.
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AAA provides automotive, travel and insurance services to 57 million members nationwide and more than 937,000 members in Maryland. AAA advocates for the safety and mobility of its members and has been committed to outstanding road service for more than 100 years. The not-for-profit, fully tax-paying member organization works on behalf of motorists, who can now map a route, find local gas prices, discover discounts, book a hotel and track their roadside assistance service with the AAA Mobile app for iPhone, iPad and Android. For more information, visit www.AAA.com.